Week 5 Final Paper

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Final Argument Paper

This final assignment is designed to involve all of the main skills that you have learned during this course. In particular, your paper should demonstrate the ability to construct a deductively valid or inductively strong argument, clearly and accurately explain your reasoning, use high-quality academic sources to support the premises of your argument, fairly and honestly evaluate contrary arguments and objections, and identify fallacies and biases that occur within the arguments or objections presented.

You will continue to build on the arguments that you are presented in your previous two papers. In particular,, you will present a final improved version of your argument for your thesis that you begin for the Week One Assignment and fully address the objection that you developed for your Week Three Assignment. You will need to research a minimum of three scholarly sources from the Ashford University Library. (For further information about discovering and including scholarly research, take a look at the

[email protected]

Tutorial instructional resource.)


in your paper

  • Explain the topic you are addressing and your position on it. Provide a preview of your paper and a statement of your thesis in your opening paragraph. [Approximately 100 words]

    • For help crafting a good thesis statement, go to the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Present your main argument for your thesis in standard form, with each premise and the conclusion on a separate line. Clearly indicate whether your argument is intended to be inductive or deductive. Follow up the presentation of your argument by clarifying the meaning of any premises that could use some explanation. [About 150 words]

    • If your argument is deductive, then it shouldbevalid(in the strict logical sense of the word); if it is inductive, then it should bestrong. Make sure to avoid committing logical fallacies within your argument (e.g., begging the question). Additionally, the premises should be true, to the best of your knowledge. If one of your premises has a pretty obvious counter-example, then you should either fix the argument so that it does not have this flaw, or later, in your paper (steps three through five) you should address the apparent counter-example (showing that it does not really refute the truth of your premise). Arguments that are not valid, not very strong, commit fallacies, or that have counter-examples that are not adequately addressed will not receive full credit.
  • Provide supporting evidence for the premises of your argument. [Approximately 350 words]

    • Pay special attention to those premises that could be seen as controversial. Evidence may include academic research sources, supporting arguments (arguments whose conclusions are premises of the main argument), or other ways of demonstrating the truth of those premises. This section should include at least one scholarly research source.
  • Explain a strong objectionto your argument. [Approximately 250 words]

    • Study what people on the other side of this question think about your reasoning and present the best possible objection that someone could have to your argument. Do not commit the straw man fallacy here. Reference at least one scholarlyresearch source. See the “Practicing Effective Criticism” section of Chapter 9 of the course text for more information.
  • Defend your argument against the objection. [Approximately 200 words]

    • Once you have presented the objection, indicate clearly how you might respond to it. It is acceptable to admit that reasonable people might disagree with you or that there might be an area in which your argument could be further strengthened, but you should do your best to explain why your argument is sound or cogent despite the objections.
  • Provide an appropriate conclusion. [Approximately 75 words]

    • For guidance about how to develop a conclusion see the Introductions and Conclusion resource from the Ashford Writing Center.

For further instruction on how to create arguments, see the How to Construct a Valid DeductiveArgument and Tips for Creating an Inductively Strong Argument documents as well as the Contructing Valid Arguments Video. For an example of a completed Final Paper, see the Annotated Example The Ethics of Elephants in Circuses. Let your instructor know if you have questions about how to complete this paper.

The Final Argument Paper

  • Must be 1,100 to 1,400 words in length, double-spaced, (not including the title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:

    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least three scholarly sources in addition to the course text.

    • The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (for more information about how to create an APA reference list see the Ashford Writing Center APA References List webpage).
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

Week 5 Final Paper
– 1 – [no notes on this page]Running head: SOCIAL MEDIA HINDERS INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 1 Social Media hinders interpersonal Relationships Brenda Rouse PHI 103 Informal Logic Instructor: Teresa Knox February 25, 2017 Social Media hinders interpersonal Relationships – 2 – 1 1. users. good format [Teresa Knox] SOCIAL MEDIA HINDERS INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 2 Main argument: Premise 1: Unless controlled, over usage of social media services can lead to addiction more so in personal usage than business usage. Premise 2 : Social media addiction, like other forms of addiction, may result in impulsive, uncontrollable, and damaging behaviors that affect users and those they interact with negatively. Premise 3 : Damaging behaviors because of over usage of social media services poses adverse consequences on interpersonal relationships. Premise 4: over usage of social media services can cause individuals to isolate themselves away from engaging in complex interpersonal relationships as well as shut themselves completely off from the actual world. Conclusio n: Social media limits and hurts the development of interpersonal relationships of the users. Counterargument Premise 1 : Social media channels facilitate people from different parts of the world to connect as well as share experiences of their lives. Premise 2 : Social media helps reclusive individuals to meet new people online and communicate with them. Premise 3 : Social media channels give people greater freedom to express themselves. Conclusion : Social media, therefore, enhances the development of interpersonal relationships. Premise 1 of the counterargument is widely known to users of social media services. According to Chasombat (2014), social media provides users with channels to connect and network with people who they would never have met in any other situation. Social media was created to eliminate the geographical and physical barriers of communication. – 3 – 1 1. situation. good support [Teresa Knox] SOCIAL MEDIA HINDERS INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 3 Premise 2, on the other hand, focuses on reclusive people where social media provides them with an opportunity to communicate. These people usually shut themselves away from the actual world. However, social media gives them private channels to communicate from the privacy of their home. With social media, they can control what they share with others without having to see them one-on-one. Premise 3 is the fact that social media enables users to be themselves or adopt personalities they want to. It allows them to hide behind screens and communicate information they would not divulge in the real world. This allows individuals to be more open and gives them a chance to reveal a part of their lives they would not show in a real world situation. Therefore, this counterargument is deductively valid. If all of its premises are true, then it follows that the conclusion too is true. The premises flow seamlessly from one to the other leading to the conclusion. For example, these premises reveal how reclusive people can use social media to establish new connections and conduct business without having to interact physically with other individuals. Also according to Hardy, J., Foster, C., & Zúñiga y Postigo, G. “when we combine inductive arguments of different strength, generally the argument is only as strong as its weakest part. You can think of each inference in an argument as being like a link in a chain. A chain is only as strong as its weakest link” (Hardy, J., Foster, C., & Zúñiga y Postigo, G. 2015). The fact that social media can be addictive leading to damaging results despite its important role in facilitating interpersonal communication leads to a significant disagreement between the two arguments. Benefits of social media usage are tied to how people use social media services. Therefore, social media usage is not always a bad thing, as the main argument tends to perceive it. In fact, social media facilitates interpersonal relationships as it facilitates – 4 – [no notes on this page]SOCIAL MEDIA HINDERS INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 4 easier connections with people beyond physical and geographical barriers. It enables people who would have otherwise never interacted with each other to communicate and interact with each other even on a one-on-one basis albeit virtually. Social media is so good that it allows reclusive people, individuals who otherwise shut themselves away from the world to form meaningful relationship online on social media platforms. These relationships can materialize to real life relationships. Conclusively, the fact that social media usage allows reclusive people to communicate and establish meaningful relationships via social media calls for a rethink of how social media is perceived. For example, autistic people often find it hard to communicate and establish interpersonal relationships in real life. However, these individuals can use social media to establish connections and create authentic relationships. Social media gives them a friendly, enabling, and comfortable environment to connect and engage with each other. Thus, benefits of social media in enhancing interpersonal relationships far outweigh the possible harmful effects due to social media addiction. According to our text References – 5 – [no notes on this page]SOCIAL MEDIA HINDERS INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 5 Chasombat, P. (2014). SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES IMPACTS ON INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND RELATIONSHIPS (Doctoral dissertation, National Institute of Development Administration). Retrieved from http://libdcms.nida.ac.th/thesis6/2014/b185644.pdf Davies, H. (2013). Social media and personal relationships: online intimacies and networked friendship. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2013.850527 Hardy, J., Foster, C., & Zúñiga y Postigo, G. (2015). With good reason: A guide to critical thinking [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/
Week 5 Final Paper
– 1 – [no notes on this page]Running head: SOCIAL MEDIA EFFECT ON INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 1 Social Media Effect on Interpersonal Relationships Brenda Rouse PHI103: Informal Logic Instructor: Teresa Knox February 13, 2017 – 2 – 1 1. relationships. Good format [Teresa Knox] SOCIAL MEDIA EFFECT ON INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 2 Social Media Effect on Interpersonal Relationships The twenty-first century has experienced a sporadic increase in the use and innovation of technology. There has been much improvement in people’s daily activities due to evolution in innovations. However, so has been the increase in discussion on the appropriateness and the costs that the society has had to pay because of the progress. For instance, use of social media has been an issue that has led scholars to conduct extensive surveys, interviews, and experiments with the hope of getting a grip on whether it has been of positive or negative influence to the society. Among the most commonly, asked question is the role it has played in affecting interpersonal relationships. Different theorists and scholars have had different opinions some of which can be deduced through logical reasoning. One of the standard forms of expressing an argument, which I will use in this discussion to draw a conclusion on the issue, would be: P1: Communication with peer groups primary motivation of social media use P2: Communication with peers promotes interpersonal relationships C1: Social media enhances interpersonal relationships. The first premise has been a result of some of the different studies that have been influenced by the advent of increased social media use. According to Valerie Barker (2009), scholarly data on the issue produced results that implied that a significantly high number of social media users get to use the different platforms with the hope of interacting with their peers (p. 211). Consequently, the respondents viewed the various platforms as an alternative to calling their peers or sending them messages on their phones as a way of interaction. Before popularization of social media, people would use their telephones to call or send messages to their peers with the hope of engaging in a dialogue that would culminate in improved relationships. Therefore, social media was seen as an alternative form of communication. – 3 – 1 1. relationships. Good work. [Teresa Knox] SOCIAL MEDIA EFFECT ON INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 3 The second premise seeks to create a boundary between the first one and the conclusion. Notably, one cannot engage in communication without expressing his or her ideas or emotions. After all, communication is the one method using which one can send a message to a different party. Therefore, in the course of communicating, different people get to learn about others and, in the process, determine how best to deal with each other under different circumstances. As a result, the relationship between the two parties improves after some time. In this context, communication improves the interpersonal relationships between the people involved. Following a deductive reasoning from the first to the second premise, it is inarguably true that social media improves interpersonal relationships between the parties involved. According to the first premise, social media is just but a contemporary means of communication. Therefore, it plays the role previously played by other communication means such as faxes, telephones, and letters. On the other hand, the second premise notes that the communication facilitated by the different channels through which it could be conducted interpersonal relationships. Getting one’s message across to a particular audience gets the said audience to appreciate how they should conduct themselves around the sender. In this context, social media is just but another instrument that facilitates communication. Therefore, communication improves the relationships between the parties. Connecting the two premises yields an answer to the issue by giving the solution that social media indeed improves interpersonal relationships. – 4 – 1 1. 209-213. The assignment required you to cite 2 sources. [Teresa Knox] SOCIAL MEDIA EFFECT ON INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 4 Reference Barker, V. (2009). Older adolescents’ motivations for social network site use: The influence of gender, group identity, and collective self-esteem. CyberPsychology & Behavior , 12 (2), 209-213.


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