Week 2 Meal Plan
1313 unread replies.1616 replies.
Read the PDF Meal Plan. In your post, you need to create an outline for your pretend paragraph. You do not need to write the paragraph, but I will be looking a breakdown for each step.
(Pro Hack – copy the post below and fill in the blanks/ answer the question)
Using the MEAL plan, show how you would create a main idea:
This paragraph is about _______________________
Then turn that sentence into a question
This paragraph is about why is _____________________
Now create a strong sentence to start your paragraph – this is the one main idea for this paragraph or topic sentence. Write out your sentence:
List your Evidence:
What are you analyzing? How, Why, Who Cares and So What go here.
Answer the LINK question: How does this paragraph contribute to the overall effectiveness of the paper?
THE MEAL PLAN
Well-organized paragraphs guide readers logically through an essay’s development, adding to the effectiveness of
the argument and the credibility of the writer. Paragraphs vary in length and structure based on context, but they
should focus on only one idea. Most paragraphs also include the following elements: a statement of the paragraph’s
main (M) idea, evidence (E) to support that main idea, analysis (A) of that evidence, and some link (L) to the
paper’s thesis. The MEAL Plan is an easy, effective strategy to help you organize paragraphs.
All paragraphs should have a main idea or point. Typically, this main idea is expressed in a topic sentence—a sort of
mini-thesis statement for the paragraph. Often, a topic sentence is the first sentence of the paragraph, though it may
come after or within a transition statement.
If you have trouble identifying the main idea of a paragraph, try writing “This paragraph is about…” and then finish
the sentence. You can cross out the phrase and revise the rest into a clear, strong topic sentence:
● This paragraph is about why Steelman is a better superhero than Green Muscle.
● This paragraph is about Why is Steelman a better superhero than Green Muscle?
● Steelman’s ingenuity makes him a better superhero than Green Muscle because this quality allows him to
reason and make decisions based on his intellectual abilities.
This next section of the paragraph elaborates on the main idea. Depending on the type of assignment, the paragraph
might require one or more of these “E”s:
● Evidence—What does the main idea of the paragraph need to support it? Make sure to cite outside information.
● Explanation—Do you need to explain key terms, concepts, or events? What information in the paragraph may
be especially complex or unclear?
● Examples—Other main ideas are best suited to examples, either from personal experience or research, to
illustrate or highlight elements of the main idea.
Once the main idea has been stated and supported, it is time to break that information down and analyze it. What
more do your readers need to understand about the evidence or examples you provided? How can you make it clear
that you are interpreting this information in a certain way? In other words, this is the section of the paragraph where
the HOW? WHY? or WHO CARES? of your evidence is explained.
Linking refers to the link between a paragraph and the paper’s thesis. Ask yourself how does this paragraph
contribute to the overall effectiveness of the paper? You may not end up including that answer as part of the
paragraph, but you must make sure you have made the connection clear. Too often writers assume readers
automatically will recognize the link on their own, but your job as a writer is to make it impossible for a reader to
miss how each paragraph supports your overall goal for the paper. Think about this connection to your thesis as a
way to develop a smooth transition to the next paragraph.
EXAMPLE OF A PARAGRAPH USING THE MEAL PLAN
Steelman possesses qualities that make him
a more effective superhero than Green Muscle.
As Steelman, Tawny Stork chose the life of a
superhero. Stork, a genius engineer and the
mastermind behind the steel suit, uses reason and
brains to defeat villains. Impulsive as he may be,
Steelman uses his intellectual abilities to
overcome obstacles. Green Muscle, however,
reached superhero status accidentally. Brace
Bunner, the human form of Green Muscle, is an
equally intelligent physicist; however, he only
reaches superhero status through anger. Once
Brace Bunner becomes Green Muscle, his
intellect ceases to exist. While Green Muscle
may possess great strength, his inability to
control this strength weakens him. Steelman’s
intellectual and reasoning skills and the f act that
he chooses to protect the world from s uper
villains gives him a n advantage over Green
Muscle. Green Muscle and Steelman make a
great team i f fighting together. Steelman would
outsmart Green Muscle any day, but this would
only make Green Muscle angrier and therefore
stronger. If the two were to fight each other, it
would be a close brawl.
1The topic sentence expresses the
MAIN IDEA of the paragraph. The rest
of the paragraph should relate to the
qualities Steelman possesses that
make him a more effective superhero
than Green Muscle.
EVIDENCE supports the fact that
Steelman posseses qualities that
make him a more effective superhero
than Green Muscle are contained in
the sentences following the topic
3These sentences explore how
Steelman’s qualities make him a
more effective superhero than
Steelman; therefore, these sentences
provide ANALYSIS of the evidence
that the writer has included in this
4The final sentences of this paragraph
explicitly LINK everything that the
author has discussed in the
paragraph back to the thesis.
ADDITIONAL TIPS FOR EFFECTIVE PARAGRAPHS
When you finish writing a paragraph, read through it again and make sure that every single sentence has
something to do with the main idea. If it doesn’t, the sentence doesn’t belong in that paragraph. You may need
to start another paragraph, move that piece of information elsewhere in your paper, or delete the information
because it may not be relevant to your paper.
To assess your organization and paragraphing further, create a reverse outline of your paper. See the KSU
Writing Center’s Reverse Outlining handout for more information and detailed instructions.
VISIT WRITINGCENTER.KENNESAW.EDU FOR LOCATIONS & HOURS OR TO MAKE AN APPOINTMENT FOR ONE-ON-ONE ASSISTANCE.
THE KSU WRITING CENTER: NOT BECAUSE YOU CAN’T WRITE . . . BECAUSE YOU DO.