The first part of your reading in Daniel Terrisâ€™ book will include an overview of Lockheed Martinâ€™s organization and will lay out the research plan that Terris used to obtain information necessary for his work. This will be followed by a general overview of the evolution of business ethics in America.
- Based on your readings, describe what you consider to be the responsibility of top leadership in a large organization with respect to reaching a balance between profits and stakeholder concerns. Please support your position by giving some examples from the text or from other sources where CEOs did a good or poor job of finding this balance.
- Terris discusses the history of business ethics in America since the late 1800s with respect to anti-competitive practices, seeking unfair advantage through immoral arrangements with suppliers and public officials, failing to adhere to laws and regulations, and lack of transparency. Discuss to what extent you believe things to be better or worse in the present day for businesses in general.
- On page 41, Terris discusses the ideas of Howard Bowen regarding the evolution of social responsibility of businesses. To what extent do you think his predictions held true since 1953?
According to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, there are three reasons why we need to use proper citations and references.
â€œTo ensure the accuracy of scientific knowledgeâ€ (p.11). â€“How do we know if what you are reading is really the truth? We can look at the citation and the reference and do further research to make sure what you are reading and what you are basing your research on is correct.
â€œTo protect the rights and welfare of research participantsâ€ (p.11). â€“ People deserve to get credit for their work. When you earn a degree and go on to do research, you will want credit for the work you have published.
â€œTo protect intellectual property rightsâ€ (p.11). â€“ When we refer to inventions, we should give credit to the person who invented the item, trademarked the item, or developed a design. This protects their work.
A reference system also allows the reader to use the in-text citation and reference page to find out how to do further research when they find a topic of interest. It can save a lot of time.
As educated students, we should know the APA Style rules and work to perfect them.
Below are three common mistakes that cost Students. Reviewing these examples should help you improve your grade and also make future assignments easier.
APA Point 1: Where does the period go?
The use of a period. The period indicates the end of a sentence. However, if we put the period before the in-text citation, we are actually beginning the next sentence with the citation. Therefore, the period goes afterthe citation.
Another misuse of the period is putting it before the citation and another after the citation. This is not correct. The period goes after the in-text citation.
Example: Intercultural Communication is quite important in how we deal with individuals from different Countries and even from different neighborhoods of our cities (Pearson, 2015b). â€“ Notice where the period is.
APA Point 2: Do we need to use Quotation Marks?
When using information word for word from someone elseâ€™s work, quotation marks are necessary. This example illustrates the use of quoted material at the end of the sentence, followed by a citation and reference. The reference will also include the page numbers.
Example: When we are writing a Negative Letter, there are numerous authors who recommend starting the letters with a buffer. Remember, â€œOpenings for negative messages are often called Buffer Beginnings because they are designed to buffer the negative message that will followâ€ (Bowman, 2002, p. 1).
APA Point 3: Arranging entries on a reference list.
Once again as we dive into our Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, we get guidance on how to arrange our references on the reference page. â€œArrange entries in alphabetical order by the surname of the first author followed by initials of the authorâ€™s given nameâ€ (p. 181).
One may ask why. When there are two or three references, it does not make a great amount of difference. But with numerous references, it is much easier if we arrange the references by the authorâ€™s last name. Remember, one of the purposes of a reference page is to help readers find additional information. If there are 10 or more references listed in random order, it is difficult to find the appropriate reference. So letâ€™s use the alphabetical ordering.
Your paper should be double-spaced and in 12-point type size.
Your paper should have a separate cover page and a separate reference page containing the full citations corresponding to the in-text citations you choose to use in the body of your paper. So in addition to the 4- to 5-page body of your paper you will have a title page and a reference page. So overall, you will be submitting a 6- to 7-page document.
Use APA style, and proofread your paper.