COMPETENCY: Evaluate the objectivity and legitimacy of biology information found in articles and online.
CRITERION: Explain the main points presented in an article.
Identifies but does not explain the main points presented in an article.
“What was the outcome from this genetic modification? Did they test it on animals at all?”
CRITERION: Evaluate the scientific credibility of an article.
Does not identify the scientific credibility of an article.
“How would you evaluate the scientific credibility of the article? It’s always a good idea to use the Source Evaluation Forms to help you objectively evaluate your sources. ”
COMPETENCY: Explain the tools and applications of biotechnology.
CRITERION: Evaluate the pros and cons of a genetically modified organism.
Does not identify the pros and cons of a genetically modified organism.
“What are the pros/cons of genetically modifying Salmonella Typhi? Why was it developed in the first place? ”
CRITERION: Explain how microorganisms that normally affect the immune system can be used beneficially as tools in biotechnology.
Lists microorganisms that are used as tools in biotechnology.
“Beyond S. Typhi, what other ways are microorganisms being used as tools of biotechnology? There are literally thousands of examples in food production, environmental causes, and medicine – tell me about a few! ”
Running head: GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISM 0 Genetically Modified Organism: Vaccine Katherine Irizarry Rosario Capella University Genetically Modified Organism: Vaccine I have studied the Oxford Vaccine Group (Oxford University) June 2016. This article has discussed into details on a genetically modified organism that constructed a typhoid toxin deficient referred to as S.Typhi Quailes strain. The school investigated the responsibility of typhoid toxin in the pathogenesis of a human model that is infected. These are the genes that were modified S. Typhi Quailes strain (deletion of cdtB, pltA, and pltB genes). The purpose of these genes was to find out modes of transmission, how to treat the infection and how to prevent it. (Oxford University, 2016) Stability of the genes is observed, and colonies were displayed by PCR and Nucleotide progressing to identify S. Typhi hauling the gene deletions. S. Typhi is caused by a bacterium that in ingested into the body through consumption of contaminated water and food. Delayed and improper treatment of the bacteria may result in complications in the gastrointestinal and may cause ulcers. Genetically Modified Organisms have however not been tested on humans since it is hard to get a human volunteer. Also, antibiotics have been invented and have been well tolerated and studies brought forward on the reactions to people. Biotechnology has applied in that studies are being carried out on the vaccines that will help prevent people from the typhoid bacteria. Conclusively, other sources acknowledge vaccines as preventable measures to fight such infections. People have the largest role to play by taking the right measures to prevent such bacterial infections. People have to learn ways disposing of their wastes properly, consuming clean foods and adopting proper cleaning methods. This article is conducted by Oxford University, Oxford vaccine group in the medical sciences division. The Oxford vaccine group conduct clinical trials that are sponsored by vaccine manufacturers. It is a respectable institution, and used the results of their clinical trials they conduct to published in peer-reviewed journals always making sure that their papers meet and exceeds their guidelines. It is very important to objectively evaluate all the sources used to meet all the guidelines necessarily for a good paper. References Oxford Vaccine Group (2016), University of Oxford Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine (CCVTM) Churchill Hospital Old Road, Headington Oxford OX3 7LE,