SW 525 University of New Hampshire The Temporary Aid to Needy Families Questions

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Considering the TANF program, review the provisions for this act. Also read the articles discussing the outcomes of the program. Post on the corresponding Discussion board and respond to three of your classmates. 

1) Based on the titles of the programs, how does TANF differ from AFDC?

2) What is the intent of the two programs?

3) What has been the outcome of the TANF program?

4) Has it been effective in reducing poverty?

5) Has it created other concerns?

6) Are there other ways that we could have addressed the issues TANF tried to address

POST

Classmate 1:1) TANF stands for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. AFDC stands for Aid to Families with Dependent Children. Based on the titles, TANF is for all families who need support and AFDC is supporting ONLY for families who have dependent children.2) The intent of the two programs is to reduce poverty and provide assistance to families who need assistance.  The intent of AFDC was to provide cash payments for children with need. Need was defined as a lack of parental care or support. This money went directly to the children so the child could fend for themselves. I do not agree with this system. TANF had 4 purposes:3) The outcome of the TANF program been positive. The poverty rate was reduced from 50%-38.5%, unemployment was reduced, and earnings also increased. 4) It has been effective in reducing poverty. 5) It has created other concerns. Other concerns include a long term project. For example, those individuals who successfully get off TANF but fall into poverty again in the future. 6) There are other ways. I believe there should be an education reform and a nationwide mindset change about minimum wage/ essential workers/ workers without degrees. Workers without degrees such as cashiers, construction workers, truck drivers, etc should not be shamed for their line of work and the stigma that working a job in a similar field makes you inferior, needs to change. additional information from source: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/ofa/programs/tanf/about

Classmate 2:Considering the TANF program, review the provisions for this act. Also, read the articles discussing the outcomes of the program. Post on the corresponding discussion board and respond to three of your classmates. 1) Based on the titles of the programs, how does TANF differ from AFDC?TANF is a newer version of AFDC. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act was enacted in 1996 which ended the aid to families with dependant children, AFDC program. It was then replaced with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF program. 2) What is the intent of the two programs?The intent of the TANF program is to provide assistance to needy families so that children can be looked after in their homes or any other homes they might be in. It also promotes job preparation, work, and marriage for needy parents. Lastly, it also reduces the amount of incidence of out of wedlock pregnancies. The AFDC was a federal assistance program that provided financial assistance to children whose families had low to no income. 3) What has been the outcome of the TANF program?The outcomes of the TANF program have been useful in some states and not so much in others. It depends on where the needy people live and how much money each state is given depending on the number of people live in each state. 4) Has it been effective in reducing poverty? TANF has not been effective in reducing poverty. AFDC provided more than 2.8 million children out of deep poverty in 1995 but TANF only helped 287,000 children out of poverty in 2016. The evidence is clear that they need the help of the TANF but it is not producing what it is supposed to do like AFDC did. 5) Has it created other concerns?Yes TANF has created other concerns such as the physical and mental health conditions and low education levels of the children they are trying to lift out of poverty. 6) Are there other ways that we could have addressed the issues TANF tried to addressYes, there are other ways we could have addressed the issues TANF tried to address. Rather than getting ride of AFDC, they should have merged them both together and tried to benefit from each other rather than starting something new that was already working in the first place.

Classmate 3:1.) TANF is a federal block-grant program where states have the authority to determine eligibility requirements and benefit levels. TANF does not require states to aid or apply rules to all families that are financially needy. TANF was created to reduce welfare dependency and replaced AFDC. AFDC is a federal program.2.) a) Aid to Families with Dependent Children was established by the Social Security Act in 1935 and was a grant program to enable states to provide cash welfare payments for needy children who were deprived of parental support.        b) Temporary Assistance for Needy Families was created to provide assistance to needy families so that children can be cared for in their own homes or relatives, end the dependence of needy parents by promoting job preparation, work and marriage, prevent and reduce the incidence of out-of-wedlock pregnancies, and to encourage the formation of maintenance of two-parent families. 3.) TANF’s work requirement, accountability of state performance, and expanded administrative flexibility helped raise the labor force participation of never-married mothers from 59.5% in 1995 to 73.8% in 2001. Reports also found that TANF also increased employment and earnings. 4.) AFDC helped for than 2.8 million children out of deep poverty in 1995 whereas TANF helped only 287,000 children out of deep poverty in 2016. By 2016, the majority of the states had more families living in poverty than receiving TANF. 5.) TANF policy has been unresponsive to changes in the nature of its caseload over time, particularly that half the cases only offer benefits to children (child-only cases), with no benefits going to adults in the family. 6.) Expand unemployment insurance to cover low-income families who have some work history, rather than supporting them through TANF. 

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