Substance abuse problems at colleges and universities

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Substance abuse has always been a problem at
colleges and universities. However, some are alarmed by the recent
misuse of prescription medication and by the legalization of marijuana
in some states. Many businesses are concerned that substance abuse will
impact them if graduates (future employees) have developed a pattern of
substance abuse while still in college. An article reported that 46% of
U.S. college students have been involved in some type of substance
abuse.

Substance abuse has been a concern of the president of
Rocky University for several years. Some faculty members in the
university believe that substance abuse is more widespread at Rocky than
at other universities, while other faculty members think that substance
abuse is not a major problem in the college. To resolve some of these
issues, the president of the university commissioned a study to assess
the current substance abuse behavior of students at Rocky. As part of
this study, an anonymous exit survey was administered to a sample of 90
students from this year’s graduating class. Responses to the following
questions were used to obtain data regarding three types of substance
abuse.

  1. During your time at Rocky, did you ever participate in binge drinking?

    ____ Yes
    ____ No

  1. During your time at Rocky, did you ever abuse prescription medication?

    ____ Yes
    ____ No

  1. During your time at Rocky, did you ever use any type of illegal or illicit drug (not included in questions 1 or 2)?

    ____ Yes
    ____ No

Any
student who answered yes to one or more of these questions was
considered to have been involved in some type of substance abuse. The
complete data set is in the file named Abuse, linked at the bottom of the page.

Managerial Report
Prepare
a report (see below) for the president of the university that
summarizes your assessment of the nature of substance abuse by students
at Rocky University. Be sure to include the following seven (7) items in
your report.

  1. To summarize the data, compute the proportion
    of all students, the proportion of all male students, and the proportion
    of all female students who

    1. Participated in binge drinking.
    2. Abused prescription medication.
    3. Used illegal or illicit drugs.
      Then comment on your findings.
  2. Develop
    90% confidence intervals for the proportion of all students, the
    proportion of all male students, and the proportion of all female
    students who were involved in some type of substance abuse.
  3. Develop
    90% confidence intervals for the proportion of all students, the
    proportion of all male students, and the proportion of all female
    students who participated in binge drinking.
  4. Develop 90%
    confidence intervals for the proportion of all students, the proportion
    of all male students, and the proportion of all female students who
    abused prescription medication.
  5. Develop 90% confidence intervals
    for the proportion of all students, the proportion of all male
    students, and the proportion of all female students who used illegal or
    illicit drugs.
  6. Conduct a hypothesis test (using either the
    p-value approach or the critical value approach) to determine if the
    proportion of all students at Rocky University who were not involved in
    some type of substance abuse is less than that of all U.S. students
    elsewhere. Use α = 0.10.
    Do not forget to include the correctly worded hypotheses.
  7. What
    advice would you give to the president of the university based upon
    your analysis of the data? What is the magnitude of the issue? What
    would you recommend for both students and faculty? What is the potential
    impact on relationships with the business community and what would you
    recommend? How can this study be improved?

Write a report
that adheres to the Written Assignment Requirements under the heading
“Expectations for CSU-Global Written Assignments” found in the CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements.
As with all written assignments at CSU-Global, you should have in-text
citations and a reference page. An example paper is provided in the MTH410 Guide to Writing with Statistics, linked at the bottom of the page.

Be sure that your report contains the following:

  • A title page in APA style.
  • An introduction that summarizes the problem.
  • The
    body of the paper should answer the questions posed in the problem by
    communicating the results of your analysis. Include results of
    calculations, as well as charts and graphs, where appropriate.
  • A conclusion paragraph that addresses your findings and what you have determined from the data and your analysis.
  • In-text
    citations from a minimum of three sources in addition to your textbook.
    The CSU-Global Library is a good place to locate these sources.
  • A reference page.

Be sure to submit your Excel file as well.
NOTE: Submitting your Excel file will aid in grading with partial credit if errors are found in the paper.

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