PSYC 324 Midterm Exam (Perfect Answer)

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QuestionQuestion 1 of 50 2.0 PointsAccording to the text, what is the most important characteristic of narcotics?A.They greatly reduce feelings of pain.B.They are mostly available as over-the-counter drugs.C.They are very inexpensive.D.Both A and B.Question 2 of 50 2.0 PointsThe following cannabis products are rank ordered for THC concentration (highest to lowest):A.marijuana, sinsemilla, hashish, hashish oilB.sinsemilla, marijuana, hashish, hashish oilC.hashish oil, hashish, sinsemilla, marijuanaD.hashish oil, hashish, marijuana, sinsemillaQuestion 3 of 50 2.0 PointsResearch on adopted children shows that biological children of alcoholics being raised by nonalcoholic adoptive parents _______.A.have a greater risk for becoming alcoholicB.have a lower tolerance to alcoholC.have a lower risk of becoming alcoholicD.develop drug problemsQuestion 4 of 50 2.0 PointsExpectancy effects of alcohol influence _______.A.emotional behaviorsB.motor behaviorsC.cognitive behaviorsD.all of the aboveQuestion 5 of 50 2.0 PointsOrdering opiates from strongest to least strong would be the following _______.A.morphine, codeine, thebaineB.thebaine, codeine, morphineC.codeine, thebaine, morphineD.codeine, morphine, thebainQuestion 6 of 50 2.0 PointsWomen tend to become more intoxicated than men because _______.A.they have 60 percent less alcohol dehydrogenaseB.their body weight is always lessC.they drink alcohol at a faster rateD.they have 60 percent more alcohol dehydrogenaseQuestion 7 of 50 2.0 PointsSara has been drinking alcohol for two months. She even drives her friends home on weekends when she has been drinking heavily. According to the DSM-IV-TR, Sara meets one of the criteria for _______.A.systematic drinkingB.denialC.alcohol abuseD.alcohol dependenceQuestion 8 of 50 2.0 PointsA problem inherent in all forms of injection involves _______.A.the relatively slow rate of absorptionB.the risk of infection if the needle is not sterileC.the possible collapse of a veinD.the need for the individual to be consciousQuestion 9 of 50 2.0 PointsWhich characteristic is not a physiological effect of cocaine?A.increased heart rateB.increased appetiteC.sweatiness and a pale appearanceD.dilated pupilsQuestion 10 of 50 2.0 PointsToxicity of MDMA (Ecstasy) involves _______.A.hyperthermiaB.dehydrationC.agitation and confusionD.all of the aboveQuestion 11 of 50 2.0 PointsA speedball contains a combination of _______.A.amphetamines and heroinB.cocaine and LSDC.cocaine and amphetaminesD.cocaine and heroinQuestion 12 of 50 2.0 PointsJohn has been an alcoholic for many years. He is having trouble remembering information that he has just been given. When talking about the past, he often elaborates on a few details to make it appear as though he remembers past situations clearly. John is most likely suffering from _______.A.Korsakoff’s psychosisB.Wernicke’s diseaseC.Wernicke’s encephalopathyD.Korsakoff’s encephalopathyQuestion 13 of 50 2.0 PointsThe best way to treat alcoholism is _______.A.biologically based treatmentsB.psychosocial interventionsC.Alcoholics AnonymousD.No one treatment is best.Question 14 of 50 2.0 PointsDrug A has ten times the number of drug-related ED visits in the DAWN statistics as Drug B. Drug A is used by ten times the number of individuals as Drug B. What are the relative toxicities of the two drugs?A.Drug A is more toxic than Drug B.B.Drug B is more toxic than Drug A.C.Drugs A and B have equivalent toxicities.D.Not enough information is present to judge the relative toxicities of Drugs A and B.Question 15 of 50 2.0 PointsBy the definition used in the text, a chemical substance would be considered a drug if intoxicated the had an impact on brain served as a nutrientD.both A and BQuestion 16 of 50 2.0 PointsHealth researchers have established that drink per week is okay during drink every other week is okay during pregnancyC.there is no safe level of drinking during drink per month is okay during pregnancyQuestion 17 of 50 2.0 PointsGenerally speaking, growth retardation, premature birth, low birth weight, and neurological damage to the infant are events most associated with drug use during which time of pregnancy?A.before the third monthB.during the fourth to fifth monthC.during the sixth to seventh monthD.after the eighth monthQuestion 18 of 50 2.0 PointsWhich of the following is a “standard drink”? 8-ounce glass of wineB.a 20-ounce bottle of beerC.a 1.5-ounce shot of 80 proof liquorD.all of the aboveQuestion 19 of 50 2.0 PointsThe social problems associated with the Prohibition era have often been cited as an argument against _______.A.prevention programs for drug abuseB.restricting drugs in generalC.encouraging chronic alcohol abuseD.all of the aboveQuestion 20 of 50 2.0 PointsMost of the alcohol consumed is absorbed by _______.A.the large intestineB.the small intestineC.the liverD.the stomachQuestion 21 of 50 2.0 PointsIf you were to order the three classifications of brain tissue from the most primitive to the most recently evolved part of the human brain, it would in which order?A.hindbrain, forebrain, midbrainB.forebrain, midbrain, hindbrainC.midbrain, hindbrain, forebrainD.hindbrain, midbrain, forebrainQuestion 22 of 50 2.0 PointsOne of the problems in considering alcohol abuse is the frequently held idea that _______.A.alcohol is not really a drugB.alcohol abuse is not as bad as drug abuseC.alcohol abuse is not the same as drug abuseD.all of the aboveQuestion 23 of 50 2.0 PointsWhat is particularly dangerous about many club drugs?A.They are colorless, odorless, and tasteless.B.They can be slipped into drinks unobtrusively.C.They have been used in sexual assault cases.D.All of the aboveQuestion 24 of 50 2.0 PointsTed just took a hallucinogenic drug and is experiencing auditory hallucinations. Which hallucinogen is Ted most likely to have taken?A.LSDB.DMTC.psilocybinD.LAAQuestion 25 of 50 2.0 PointsDaily smoking of one marijuana joint is equivalent to how many cigarettes in terms of damage to cells lining the airways?A.ten cigarettes (half a pack) a dayB.five cigarettes a dayC.forty cigarettes (two packs) a dayD.sixty cigarettes (three packs) a dayQuestion 26 of 50 2.0 PointsTim is having physical withdrawal symptoms from alcohol. He started feeling confused and feverish. He is sweating and hallucinating. Tim is most likely suffering from _______.A.Delirium tremensB.Wernicke-Korsakoff syndromeC.Alcoholis cirrhosisD.Tourette’s syndromeQuestion 27 of 50 2.0 PointsBinge drinking for men is generally defined as _______.A.a consumption of beer combined with liquorB.five or more drinks in a rowC.two drinks in two minutesD.ten or more drinks in a rowQuestion 28 of 50 2.0 PointsIf one drug has an effect of 6, a second drug has an effect of 8, and the combination of the two drugs has an effect of 20, then the interaction is _______.A.synergisticB.additiveC.antagonisticD.all of the aboveQuestion 29 of 50 2.0 PointsThe rush of a “heroin high” is avoided with methadone because is taken on a daily is taken is absorbed slowly and metabolized cannot bind itself to endorphin-sensitive receptorsQuestion 30 of 50 2.0 PointsBehavioral or conditioned tolerance can be considered to be an important contributor to which drug-taking phenomenon?A.lethal overdosesB.the placebo effectC.increased sensitivity to a drugD.improved responses to a drugQuestion 31 of 50 2.0 PointsA drawback of urine testing for the presence of THC is _______.A.the test cannot show exactly when exposure occurredB.the test cannot determine whether the person actually smoked marijuanaC.some types of marijuana have an ingredient which counters the effects of THC, resulting in a negative test resultD.both A and BQuestion 32 of 50 2.0 PointsProfessional artists and musicians under the influence of LSD _______.A.produce better, more creative more of a tendency to late suffer from “writer’s block” no significant difference in the quality of their work as compared to work created when not under the influence of LSDD.have more difficulty being creativeQuestion 33 of 50 2.0 PointsCocaine effects are directly related to those areas of the brain that control _______.A.balance and equilibriumB.respiratory controlC.pleasure and reinforcementD.sleep and dreamingQuestion 34 of 50 2.0 PointsWhen a pregnant woman drinks alcoholic beverages, the fetal alcohol levels _______.A.are the same as those of the motherB.are higher than those of the motherC.Since alcohol does not pass through the placenta, the fetus does not have an alcohol level.D.are lower than those of the motherQuestion 35 of 50 2.0 PointsIf a placebo effect occurs, a completely inert substance _______.A.will have an effectB.will have no effect whatsoeverC.will likely produce a lethal responseD.will have a reduced effectQuestion 36 of 50 2.0 PointsA principal benefit from methadone maintenance has been _______.A.the security measures taken to avoid a diversion of methadone to the streetB.reduced risk of AIDS from intravenous drug useC.the excellent record in getting individuals off drug abuse in generalD.all of the aboveQuestion 37 of 50 2.0 PointsIf one of the effects of heroin is constipation, then withdrawal symptoms after chronic heroin abuse would include _______.A.a period of constipation followed by normal intestinal activityB.increased dizziness and headache painC.increased constipationD.diarrheaQuestion 38 of 50 2.0 PointsA “bad trip” on LSD _______.A.can be minimized by the companionship/reassurance of avoidable with careful planning as to the dose one is takingC.can be minimized by physical restraintsD.can be avoided by turning off all the lightsQuestion 39 of 50 2.0 PointsAnalogy: Licit recreational drug use is to smoking a cigarette as illicit recreational drug use is to _______.A.smoking marijuanaB.drinking a caffeinated beverageC.injecting heroinD.both A and CQuestion 40 of 50 2.0 PointsThe gateway hypothesis predicts that, relative to abstinence from marijuana, _______.A.marijuana smoking will lower your gradesB.marijuana smoking will help you find your way in lifeC.marijuana smoking will have many adverse psychological and physical consequencesD.marijuana smoking will lead to a greater incidence of drug abuse in generalQuestion 41 of 50 2.0 Points”On the nod” is a tern used to describe _______.A.heroin addictsB.the tranquil drowsiness that heroin inducesC.injecting heroin into the bloodstreamD.the “rush” of intense euphoria from taking heroinQuestion 42 of 50 2.0 PointsWhich area(s) of the brain are most affected by heavy drinking?A.cerebral cortex and forebrainB.cerebellum and cerebral cortexC.pons and thalamusD.forebrain and medullaQuestion 43 of 50 2.0 PointsSuppression of height and weight gains caused by stimulant medication (e.g., Ritalin) treatment for ADHD can be compensated for taking a different brand of stimulant taking two different kinds of stimulant medicationC.during “drug holidays” when someone is no longer taking the increasing the dosage of stimulant medicationQuestion 44 of 50 2.0 PointsAn alcohol-tolerant drinker may feel the intoxication level equivalent to a BAC of _____ while actually having a BAC of _____.A.0.10 percent; 0.10 percentB.0.08 percent; 0.18 percentC.0.10 percent; 0.05 percentD.0.25 percent; 0.10 percentQuestion 45 of 50 2.0 PointsWhat should someone do in a situation involving acute alcohol intoxication?A.induce vomiting as soon as possibleB.have the person take a cold showerC.give the person strong black coffeeD.have the person lie on his or her side with his or her head lower than the rest of the bodyQuestion 46 of 50 2.0 PointsWe think we are being stimulated when intoxicated with alcohol because _______.A.the cerebral cortex is being stimulatedB.heart rate is slowing downC.the respiratory centers in the medulla are being stimulatedD.the cerebral cortex is being inhibitedQuestion 47 of 50 2.0 PointsDifficulties in handling sensory-motor tasks while engaged in marijuana smoking _______.A.fortunately are limited to the period of time in which one is feeling highB.continue even after the effects of marijuana are no longer feltC.are increased as the marijuana high starts to wear offD.are largely a myth, unsupported by research dataQuestion 48 of 50 2.0 PointsWhich of the following is an enabler?A.a man checking himself into a rehabilitation facilityB.a father giving his son money to pay rent when his son spent his paycheck on alcoholC.a woman taking her brother to an Alcoholics Anonymous meetingD.a mother kicking her daughter out of the house due to her alcoholismQuestion 49 of 50 2.0 PointsA key factor in understanding the effect of alcohol in the brain is which receptor?A.dopamine receptorB.serotonin receptorC.THC-sensitive receptorD.GABA receptorQuestion 50 of 50 2.0 PointsCathy needs to stay awake to study for her psychology midterm, so she decides to take an amphetamine to keep from falling asleep. In this case, the drug has a(n) _____ use.A.pre-instrumentalB.pre-creationalC.recreationalD.instrumental

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