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hello, I need to revise this essay, I need two parenthetical citation in body 1,2 and 3. and one parenthetical citation in rebuttal.all of citation from the two articles in worked cite. Also I need to revise the refutation to support my position.

Should the Electoral College be Abolished?

Is
the electoral college a fair voting system ? Senators are voted in
directly by the public yet the President wins through an indirect
process which is considered a violation of fundamental principles of
democracy and a complication to Presidential politics. The Electoral
Colleges was established when African-Americans were barred from voting
and acted as a hindrance to individual states from having sufficient
power by voting. At the present time, there is no legitimate reason why
the Electoral College should be upheld. There are, however, several
reasons why the Electoral College needs to be abolished. The Electoral
College should be abolished because votes are unequally distributed
among state, the issue of swing states versus safe ones comes up and a
candidate can be declared president even after wining 21.8 of popular
vote .

Electoral College votes are unequally distributed
among states. The aim of the Electoral College was to instill a sense of
importance among states in a federally run government. Every state is
given a minimum of 3 votes. There were, however, unforeseen consequences
with this method of distributing votes. For instance, the value of
votes among citizens different between states. This means that for a
citizen in Wyoming, their votes are as much as four times more important
as one in Texas (Lewis). This is according to the population of states,
Texas is as

much as four times more populated than Wyoming yet the number of votes in the Electoral College is similar.

The
issue of swing states vs. safe ones comes up. In 48 states in the
country, a candidate can garner 50.01% of the popular vote yet the same
candidate will get 100% of the votes in the Electoral College (Lewis).
Safe states have a history of voting in favor of a particular party. For
instance, Texas, Georgia and Tennessee among others vote for
Republicans while California and Washington support Democrats. Swing
states have a history of equal support for both parties and are
considered vital in the results of an election. These states include
Ohio, Virginia, Florida, New Hampshire and Colorado. This means that a
Republican voting in Maryland is worthless while as well as a Democrat’s
votes in Texas. However, for residents of Florida, their votes are
marginally important than votes in safe states (Lewis). This is because
the Electoral College has maintained that a vote is only as important as
the capacity to sway the majority votes within a state. This is because
the citizens do not cast a direct presidential vote, the electors do.
In 48 states and the District of Colombia, the majority votes decides
which candidate receives all electoral votes within that state.

A
candidate can be declared president even after winning 21.8% of the
popular vote. The Electoral College maintains a winner takes all system.
A candidate winning a popular vote within a state, even by one vote,
will generally get all the electoral votes within that state (Lewis).
This, combined with the fact that smaller states have more electoral
votes per individual compared to bigger ones and it is possible for one
to be a president by just winning 21.8% of American public votes. The
collective wish of the people is not granted when the Electoral College
allows a president to be declared when an opponent garnered .5% more of
popular votes.

Proponents maintain that the Electoral
College is a fundamental aspect of the country’s federalism and the
system of government. The origin is the Constitution Convention of 1787
and was a vital compromise between states (Columnist). The Electoral
College ensures that there is a deep and broad support for presidential
candidate. The institution makes it hard for a candidate popular in the
urban centers to win without appealing to all segments of populace. In
getting rid of the Electoral College, presidential candidates will not
be incentivized to focus on small states.

The Electoral
College has been in existent for as long as two centuries. However, in
the recent past, support for the institution has dwindled as it is
associated with hampering democracy and complicating presidential
elections. This essay supports the opponents of the Electoral College by
arguing that it unequally distributes votes among states, voting in
some states (swing states) is marginally important compared to safe
states and that the institution hampers the idea of democracy by making
declaring a presidential candidate a winner with as much as 21.8% of the
popular votes. However, proponents of the Electoral College establish
that it is an institution that has existed for long and represents the
federalism of America. The Electoral College should be abolished to
restore elective reform in presidential elections.

Works Cited

Columnist, Star-Ledger Guest. Should the electoral college be abolished? | opinion. NJ.com, 18 Dec. 2016. Web. 20 Feb. 2017. http://www.nj.com/opinion/index.ssf/2016/12/should_the_electoral_college_be_abolished_opinion.html

Lewis,
Tyler. “Why We Should Abolish the Electoral College.” The Huffington
Post, 12 Jan. 2016. Web. 20 Feb. 2017. Post, 12 Jan. 2016. Web. 20 Feb.
2017. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tyler-lewis/why-we-s…

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