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How does random sampling work when it comes to reducing volunteer bias? Is it not still only among volunteers? 

  Complete the following readings from your textbook, Research Design and Methods: A Process Approach:

  • Chapter 7: Choosing and Using Research Subjects


Student’s Name.

Department/ Faculty

Professor’s Name

Course Code & Name


Volunteerism in research involving human participants is a critical topic to explore. Volunteers, in the context of research, are individuals who willingly participate in studies, while non-volunteers are those who do not. These two groups differ significantly in terms of their motivations and characteristics. Volunteers often have a strong interest in the research topic, making them more likely to cooperate fully and provide accurate data (Wilson, 2017). On the other hand, non-volunteers may be less motivated, leading to potential biases in data collection and a lack of engagement in the research process.

These differences can impact the outcome of research in several ways. First, volunteers may be more willing to adhere to study protocols and complete tasks, leading to higher data quality (Bordens & Abbott, 2002). Non-volunteers, due to their lack of interest or motivation, might not invest the same effort, potentially skewing results. Additionally, volunteer samples may not be representative of the broader population, limiting the generalizability of research findings.

In addressing the problem of volunteerism in research, researchers can employ various strategies. Firstly, they can use random sampling techniques to reduce selection bias and ensure a more diverse participant pool. Secondly, incentives such as compensation or course credit can be offered to non-volunteers to increase participation rates. This helps bridge the gap between the two groups, minimizing differences in motivation. Researchers can enhance the validity and applicability of their findings by employing these strategies.


Bordens, K. S., & Abbott, B. B. (2002). 
Research design and methods: A process approach. McGraw-Hill.

Wilson, J. (2012). Volunteerism research: A review essay. 
Nonprofit and voluntary sector quarterly
41(2), 176-212.

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