For decades, addiction was seen as a moral failing, with people suffering from addiction shunned for their weakness. Today, addiction is considered a disease that can be treated (Wilbanks, 1989).
Addiction work incorporates several models for understanding addiction and addictive behavior. Addiction models not only attempt to explain the causes and behaviors of addiction, but they are also used as a basis for treatment. To understand the current approach of addiction treatment, it is essential to study the various historical models of addiction, as each has influenced the understanding and treatment of addiction today. It is also imperative to distinguish between different types of addiction because they may be best described by different models. For example, chemical dependence is a type of indigestive addiction of alcohol or drugs, whereas a process or behavioral addiction is considered a behavioral pattern such as sexual addiction, gambling addiction, and work addiction (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2016).
For this Discussion, review this week’s media, “Timeline of Addiction.” Consider how the definitions, perceptions, and treatment of addiction have evolved. In addition, select a historical event from the media timeline and consider how it might have influenced perceptions and treatment of addiction.
- Post an explanation of how addiction treatment has progressed from the moral model to the disease model of addiction.
- Describe the impact of this evolution on the treatment of addiction.
- Briefly describe one historical event depicted on the media timeline (or found in outside resources) and explain how it may have influenced perceptions of and treatment for addiction.
- Describe how you think that your profession has responded to the evolution of addiction models.
- Support your response with references to the resources and current literature.
****Note from the timeline of addiction included in attachment****
Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer, M. D. (2016). Foundations of addictions counseling (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 1, “History and Etiological Models of Addiction” (pp. 1–17)
Laureate Education (Producer). (2012e). Timeline of addiction [Multimedia file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu