Each topic needs a response to at least 200 words, and 2 follow up questions in regards to the topic.
1. In Chapters 2-4 of your text, Key Concepts in Public Health, the authors’ goal is to help public health professionals understand how an array of disciplines in biological and social sciences contribute to public health policies, programs, and approaches to building health and well-being in communities and the population as a whole.
Along with this, the success of a community action plan (which is the subject of your final Portfolio Project for this course) hinges not only on strong leadership but also on an interdisciplinary approach to community involvement.
Either watch the video below or peruse the website, http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org (Links to an external site.):
The California Endowment’s film crew put together this short piece about the Building Healthy Communities Initiative. The City Heights Community Congress features prominently.
Identify at least four strategies that you might use to increase and maintain community involvement in solving a public health issue in your own community. (Think back to the issue you mentioned in the Getting Started Introduction assignment.)
State the public health issue and the four strategies you would use.
Tips: In choosing your strategies, you’ll want to consider factors including your community’s composition, the amount of time that would need to be invested in implementing strategies, and the resources and skills that might already be present in your community. Think about how you would go about recruiting people to support your action plan or how you would obtain the needed resources to solve your issue.
2. Your Portfolio Project for this class is a community action plan designed to alleviate or correct a public health issue in your community. Your community can be any of the following areas: your community of residence, your business, your school, your community of birth, or former communities you lived. Consider the philosophical and ethical foundations of public health presented in Chapters 1 and 2 of Public Health Ethics and how your community’s issues compare to the authors’ presentation of global public health issues all communities face.
This week, for your discussion, tell us the public health issue and the community you are considering using for your Portfolio Project.
In your post, discuss your public health idea. Incorporate at least two references from a newspaper, trade magazine, website, or peer-reviewed journal that speak to the public health issue you have selected. One reference must tell about the specific public health problem in the community you have chosen to examine. The second reference must offer up a potential solution to the type of public health issue you have identified (it does not need to refer to your specific issue in the community you are working on).
Discuss any ethical, moral, or political responsibility, as described in Chapters 1 and 2 of Public Health Ethics, that you feel your community has to address. Next, review and comment on at least two other students’ posts by Sunday night. Your review must offer a helpful suggestion for each student’s proposed project. For example, you could suggest a resource, an organization, or a theory that could help the student along in his or her topic development. You might also mention a community-based ethical, moral, or political responsibility your classmate has not yet thought of sharing.
3. Before you begin crafting your discussion response for this week, be sure to read the required materials and watch Episode Two (Links to an external site.) and Episode Three (Links to an external site.) of the Designing Healthy Communities (Links to an external site.) PBS miniseries.
New Urbanism: Principles of Urbanism describes a philosophy of community design taken from the book Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream. You can either read that text using a Google search or watch the PBS miniseries and read the list of new urbanism principles linked below. The principles suggest that a community should promote walkability, the state of accommodating walking. To do that, the authors recommend the following: Streets should be narrow and sidewalks wide; services should be located close to residences; garages should be in back, off of alleys; houses should be close together and close to the street, and a mixture of homes of varying sizes and costs should be spread throughout the community to promote diversity. The design of the houses themselves should encourage interaction with neighbors and a sense of place.
A full list of the principles can be found here: http://www.newurbanism.org/newurbanism/principles.html (Links to an external site.)
“New Urbanism” proposes a “smart growth” development plan of the country’s sprawling suburbs. The article “Neighborhood Design and Walking Trips in Ten U.S. Metropolitan Areas” (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1995081/pdf/nihms20846.pdf (Links to an external site.).) discusses how neighborhood design impacts walkability in U.S. cities.
After reading the article above and researching the New Urbanism Smart Scorecard criteria, how would you rate your community, the place you are using for your Portfolio Project?
How does what you observed in your own community relate to what you read about in Chapter 3 of Public Health Ethics this week regarding the importance of community health?
This week, look around where you live to see if you can spot any of these New Urbanism design principles in buildings or neighborhoods. (Keep in mind that the structures would probably be fewer than ten years old.) Post descriptions of these buildings or neighborhoods along with any information you can find online as to why the project was undertaken. If you can’t find any New Urbanism designs at work where you live, go online and find 3-4 structures or neighborhood elements that illustrate these design principles. Describe their history and why they were built.
In your post, also include the following points:
- Does your community suffer from urban sprawl?
- Is your community at risk of (greater) urban sprawl in the future?
- How would New Urbanism designs help to reduce the problems you see in your community?
- Are there any policies that would help reduce urban sprawl in your community?
4. Before you begin crafting your discussion response for this week, be sure to visit the U.S. Census Bureau page focused on the community you selected for your Portfolio Project in Module 2.
Find data about the area you selected. Be sure to examine population growth or decline over a period of time. What trends do you see as far as population growth or decline, change in average age in your area, and ethnic changes over time? Based on your own observations, how are demographics in your area currently changing? What are some of the implications of these changes? How does this information influence your thinking about your public health project for this class?
State your chosen city at the beginning of your post. Try to choose a city that is different from those used by your classmates.
5. Before you begin crafting your discussion responses for this week, be sure to read the required materials and watch these two videos:
These videos are designed to provide you with a broad understanding of the topics that are discussed in class. This week, our focus is on understanding public health basics: prevention of disease, clean air, clean water, and food supplies. You will also learn about how different cities approach and manage their public health issues for residents’ maximum well-being.
This week, evaluate your own community in terms of integrated approaches to public health. Select a focus on disease prevention and control, air, water, or food.
- What community-based strategies do you see in place to protect health?
- What health services, local organizations, or national organizations exist to support wellness in your area of focus?
- Does pollution or contamination in your area impact the focus you selected?
- What does your community need to do to improve public health in the area you selected for this discussion?
6. Think about health systems and how they impact your own community and the public health issues you selected as your focus for this class. Using Chapter 27 in Key Concepts in Public Health to guide you, respond to the following questions this week:
- What kinds of health systems (organizations, institutions, resources) do you see as most closely supporting your topic?
- Would these be part of the public, private, or informal sectors?
- How might the health systems you have identified be different if you lived in one of the poorest countries in the world instead?
- Would any supporting health systems exist in that situation?
- How do economic systems impact your selected topic?
There is no single correct response format for this discussion, so be creative as you interpret the information from Chapter 27 and relate it to your selected project topic.
Your response should be approximately 200 words in length and include supporting sources.
Provide helpful ideas about what else the student might be interested in working on, what the student might have done differently, or any other advice that might help the student. Be sure to provide feedback in a way that would be useful to the student’s community action plan.
7. Consider the public health issue you selected for your course project using the framework of Chapter 8 in Public Health Ethics. As you think about your issue from a global perspective, what aspects of it have the most influence beyond your community and have implications for the worldwide community? Think in terms of lifestyle, population dynamics, disease, climate change, and disaster response.
- With a focus on the entire planet, why does your topic matter?
- If you were to select a global public health issue to focus on, rather than a community public health issue, which one would you be most interested in and why?
- What do you think is the most pressing global public health issue we will be facing 50 years from today, and why?
8.Before you begin crafting your discussion response for this week, be sure to read the required materials and watch Designing Healthy Communities, Searching for Shangri-La (Links to an external site.). This video is designed to complement the readings to give you a broad understanding of the topics covered in class.
For this final week, take your community action plan and expand your Cure and Prevention plans to support the wider communities (e.g., if you are looking at a neighborhood, broaden your scope to the city or region in which you live or consider your permanent residency; if looking at a city, expand to the county, for example).
Provide some ideas on how the successes might be maintained and how the problems might be solved. For now, think in terms of a 20-30-year time period. Remember that healthy-community plans should include ideas on protecting the city from uncontrolled growth and unhealthy construction and will always favor community building.